What happens when you type an URL in the browser and press enter?

Here are 2 great resources for learning the answer to this question:

What happens when you click on a URL in your browser

What happens when you type an URL in the browser and press enter?

The way I learned this was by paraphrasing each sentence and visualizing the actions happening. I also use the GMail snooze feature to first review this every day, then every 3 days, then every week, and now it will probably be every quarter.